How to Become a Mechanic – 6 Ways

In the past, if you wanted to be a mechanic, you simply found someone under whom you could apprentice. Today, things are different. Increasingly, to secure a good job as a mechanic requires general mechanic training from a recognized school. And that’s not all. Depending on your intended area of practice, you may need to bolster your training further with an old-style apprenticeship or possibly even additional, more specialized training, for example, from the manufacturer of a certain make of vehicle.

How to become a mechanic for diesel-powered vehicles

The North American freight transportation industry still depends on diesel-powered vehicles. So do most of our public transportation systems. Our agricultural, construction and mining industries also rely on qualified graduates of mechanic schools to maintain diesel-powered trucks, tractors, etc.
There are different ways to become a diesel mechanic:

  • apprentice
  • take mechanic training
  • take mechanic training with diesel accreditation
  • all of the above

How to become a mechanic for the aviation industry

Mechanics who aspire to service aircraft must seek mechanic training from an accredited institution.

How to become a mechanic for race tracks

The pathway to a job as a motor sports mechanic is less clear. Some schools, particularly in the United States, do offer mechanic training specifically for racing, but many motor sports mechanics simply attend regular programs. Regardless of what kind of training you receive, you will likely have to supplement it with an apprenticeship.

How to become a mechanic for electric cars

As mass-market, all-electric cars gain ground in Canada and the United States… As Quebec institutes public charging stations based on models already in use in California and British Columbia… Prospective students of mechanic schools interested in electric vehicle production and repair should ask what schools are doing to accommodate this new reality. Typically, interested students will need to complement conventional programs with some additional training.
How to become a mechanic for specific makes of cars

Aspiring mechanics who would like to specialize in the repair of a certain make of car should follow regular training, and then supplement with a training program offered by the car manufacturer. Some manufacturers offer courses on such topics as:

  • electrical systems
  • heating, air conditioning and climate control
  • handling systems
  • airbag safety

How to become a mechanic for motorcycles

Just as with cars, it is possible for mechanics to specialize in a specific make or range of motorcycles. Aspiring mechanics can apprentice, take mechanic training and then take courses directly from the manufacturer of their choice.

As you can see, there is more than one pathway to becoming a mechanic, but, increasingly, mechanic schools are a crucial component of training for this career.

Cloud Computing Platform For Call Centers

Call centers are a strategic part of any business that has an ongoing relationship with its customers. Whether it is an email reply to a customer query or a verbal reply to customer concerns, call centers support a diverse range of industries. Financial services, education, customer care, travel services & technical support, these and many other industries rely on call centers to manage and grow their businesses.

Online Support

In our Internet-centered world culture, online business-to-customer support and online business-to-business support have taken on greater importance. Commensurately, the more closely a call center is integrated with the fabric of the internet, the greater its present and future value will be. This is where cloud computing comes in.

For example, imagine being able to create and launch a virtual call center with volunteer agents from anywhere in the world. This is made possible by the introduction of a cloud computing platform which integrates call ctr. functionality and cloud computing. From anywhere in the world, volunteer or paid agents can access and utilize the call agent resources they require by using only their web browsers.

Cloud Computing Platforms

Cloud computing platforms have been developed that encompass three major functional areas:

Inbound Calling- which includes Inquiries, Technical Support & Complaints

Outbound Calling- which includes Customer Services, Sales Verification, Advisories, & Surveys

General Features- which includes Conference Calls, Call Transfers, Scripting, and Barge-In Coaching

Call Center APIs

Each of these three call ctr. functions draws from the following set of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to support features vital to call centers in the internet age.

Telephony APIs- Soft telephone, billing, order entry and scripting including Interactive Voice Response (IVR) systems to interact with a caller through touch tone, voice recognition and pre-recorded voice dialogue

Campaign Management APIs- including leads, lists, contacts and other campaign management capabilities

Report APIs- for reporting, archiving and warehousing call data and agent-entered information

Benefits of Cloud Computing

By distributing call center resources among agents on the Internet, cloud computing offers many benefits including scalability, improved security and archiving, remote access, and reduced cost. The cost of VOIP is significantly lower than the use of traditional voice lines and can save a company thousands of dollars alone depending on the scale of a business.

Where Does My Business Fit In?

Whatever the size of your business, by using a cloud computing platform approach for your call center you can build your business using your own agents anywhere in the world, or enlist the help of professional agents in countries that will help to make your call ctr. support function more efficient and affordable.

Listen to what some businesses have said about the benefits of enlisting cloud computing platform technology in their call centers:

“This state of the art product based on a combination of Cloud Service and Distributed Computing Architecture allows remote agents to be very productive.”

“We are able to create and launch virtual call centers with volunteers working from anywhere in the country”

“This is the best phone system we have used to date. The system can be customized and incorporated into almost any business model.”

“After a long and tiresome campaign it is finally election day. The call center finished up at 8 pm last night and I think we made something along the lines of 60,000 calls. Some of the advanced functionality has been commented on by our users. You are demonstrating what today’s VOIP technology can achieve.”

So whatever the type or scale of your business or political campaign, you can’t afford to ignore cloud computing platforms as the most important emerging internet-powered technology in call centers today.

Manufacture of Football Tracksuits in the Sport Industry

With the growing popularity of football and athletics the tracksuit has become, de rigueur, a sporting accessory. However this is only part of the equation as the customer base has expanded to include everyone who is not part of the sporting fraternity. Such is the widespread popularity of tracksuits as everyday clothing wear that the Industry has had to increase production exponentially to cover the increasing demand. Manufacturers have had to step up to the mark and proceed with product development whilst supplying the increasing demand for tracksuits.

Tracksuits have been categorised historically as training and walking but recent trends have forced manufacturers to consider supplying tracksuits for the masses. This phenomenon has introduced new thinking in fabrics ranges, designs, colour availability and pricing. Innovation in fabric manufacture for the tracksuit business has meant that design can be developed and enhanced to produce clothing that is acceptable wear to the fashion world in most social settings. This is being achieved without huge increases in product price and is being widely embraced by the tracksuit aficionado.

On the global stage, with latter day economic trends, the majority of tracksuits are manufactured abroad in the Far East. With the new developing industrial giants like China output is immense and they are also spending more time and money on research and development so product lines like tracksuits will improve in quality terms. With new automated technical advances in manufacturing machinery the product quality will continue to improve and so too will its popularity. This supported by an efficient distribution service will ensure a constant supply of top quality tracksuits to the recreational and the Sports market throughout the world. The crux factor is of course the price of these tracksuits to the consumer and it appears that they can be kept reasonably low so this augurs well for the future of the Industry.

The manufacturers will bow to the demands of the consumer so whatever new fads may appear they are ready to adapt immediately. This applies equally to the manufacture of tracksuits and we can expect to see increasing choice of styles of tracksuits. They are now manufactured in all sizes to accommodate both sexes and all ages. The design and colour range is expanding all the time. We can choose customised designs and colour combinations not relating to any football team or other professional team sport. The tracksuit is here to stay and the manufacturing industry will continue to innovate in providing the product.

Investing in the Czech Republic – Outside of Prague – Part 3: Ostrava Property

In the North American school system students seeking to be the best strive for an ‘A’ grade. However, the school system is not the end of the drive to be the best and earn an ‘A’ grade. Letter grades are used by rating agencies to rank communities in terms of investment risk.

Ostrava, in recent times, received an ‘A3’ grade from Moody’s Investors Service.

What does this mean to you as a potential investor? What are the other indicators which would point to the health and prospects of Ostrava’s property market?

What does this rating actually mean?

There are 25 rankings from Moodys in the investor services, an ‘A3’ is seventh from the top and is defined as an upper-medium grade. A similar grading company, Standard and Poors, also gave Ostrava an ‘A’ ranking based on their grading system.

What will that mean for the city?

Some investors will only look at cities with ‘A’ ratings. It is an indicator of the financial and fiscal health of the community.

Since the restructuring of the industry in the 1990s, the economic platform of the city has changed substantially. In fact, most of its incomes are no longer dependent on local economic conditions.

Ostrava, in receiving this rating, achieved the identical level of rating as other mid-sized cities in Central Europe. Brno, for example, also received an ‘A3’ rating (for a complete discussion of Brno property and economic developments visit our feature on Brno property.)

Let’s go through some other indicators as to the investment potential for this Northern Moravian city.

Area: 214 km2

Population (latest data April, 2004): 315 000

Road Distance from important European and Czech cities:

City / kms

Brno / 170

Olomouc / 93

Prague / 360

Vienna / 310

Bratislava / 300

Warsaw / 300

Budapest / 389

Berlin / 540

Paris / 1 500

With the completion of the D-47 highway the infrastructure capacity will greatly increase as well as the ease of travel. Travel time to the Czech capital, Prague, will be shortened to a little over three hours.

Air Transportation:

Ostrava – Mosnov International Airport is located 25 km from the city centre. It is the biggest regional airport in the Czech Republic with a capacity of more than one million passengers per year (current actual figures are just over 200 000 per year and expected to triple next year) and a runway 3500m in length and 63m wide, allowing it to accommodate the world’s largest airplanes. Currently it caters to both domestic and international flights.

Although there are currently not any well-known low cost carriers flying into Ostrava we expect it will only be a matter of time.

Average monthly salary for Ostrava region (2004): 18 966 CZK

Average monthly salary for Czech Republic (2004): 18 582 CZK

Average monthly salary for Czech Republic (2005 2nd Q): 18 763 CZK

Education: 16.3% of residents in Ostrava have University level education compared to 9.4% Czech wide.

Average temperature in January: – 2°C to -4°C

Average temperature in July: 15°C to 19°C

(hey, some investors want to know this….)

Economy:

Industrial production has always had a strong factor in the economy of the Ostrava region. Mainly its been based on the excavation and processing of coal and on related branches – metallurgy, the coking industry, the chemical industry, electric power generation, civil engineering and heavy engineering. Metallurgy and heavy engineering remain the largest employers in the City.

Some of the Largest Employers in Ostrava

Employer / Business / Activity / Employees (Jan. 2004)

Mittal Steel Ostrava a.s. / Metallurgical production, manufacture of metallurgical and engineering final products / 10 968

Faculty Hospital / Healthcare / 3 180

Czech Railways / Transportation and communication / 3 075

Vitkovice Machining / Machining and Metallurgy / 2 697

Vitkovice Steel / Metal production, processing / 1 682

Ostrava Blast Furnace / Metals and coking-chemical production / 1 305

Foreign Investors in Ostrava

(by no means comprehensive, only a sampling)

Investor (Country) / Business Activity / Employees (Jan. 2004)

Mittal Steel Ostrava a.s. (UK) / Metallurgical production, manufacture of metallurgical and engineering final products / 10 968

Vitkovice Tube Mill, a.s. (Cypress) / Steel tube production / 932

Dalkia Ceska republika, a.s.(France) / Heating and Electrical Production / 697

BorsodChem MCHZ, s.r.o. (Hungary) / Chemical production / 623

Tesco Stores CR a.s. (UK) / Retail / 580

Ahold Czech Republic, a.s. (Holland) / Retail / 529

Hayes Lemmerz Autokola, a.s. (USA) / Production of car wheels and automobile parts / 410

Ostrava Water and Sewage, a.s. (France) / Production and delivery of drinking water, removal and cleaning of waste water / 382

Trefil a Schomberg, s.r.o. (Germany) / Plastics production / 339

Hayes Lemmerz Alukola, s.r.o. (Italy) / Automobile parts manufacturing / 310

Connex Morava a.s. (Czech Republic/France) / Road transportation / 212

Other Investment News

US based Roper Industries Inc. has decided to invest 24 mil. CZK over the next five years into a new technology centre in Ostrava where it will create 18 highly qualified jobs.

“In Ostrava we will be focusing on projects for the development and innovation of our laboratory instruments. The Ostrava centre will supplement the technology centres of our existing Instrumentation Segment operations located in the U.S., Denmark, Germany and France employing in total almost 1000 people,” commented Will Crocker, Roper’s Vice President and Group Executive for the Instrumentation Segment. “The laboratory instruments produced from the design work there will serve foremost our materialography and physical property testing markets. The results from the product development in Ostrava will be utilized by our segment’s production plants abroad where they will produce the final products.”

The new customer support centre of GE Money Multiservis for Czech and Slovak clients, a subsidiary of one of the largest and most renowned American companies will be located in Ostrava (Moravia-Silesia region) and will provide work for up to 500 qualified staff members. The total investment exceeds three million euro.

“Our primary reason for opening the new centre is the growth of GE Money in the Czech Republic,“ says Jiri Pathy, Chairman of the Board and General Director of GE Money Multiservis, the company in charge of developing the new centre within GE Money group. “In order to maintain a high standard of services, we will gradually increase the number of staff who are responsible for operating GE Money group and caring for its customers. The new customer service centre allows us to continue to fully meet our customers‘ needs,“ adds Jiri Pathy.

Taiwan-based ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. is in the process of constructing a new plant and repair center in Ostrava. Investment into the facilities will reach 20 million EUR and eventually at least 1300 employees will work be employed. The centre should produce up to 200 thousand personal computers per month and the capacity of the repair centre should reach 50 thousand computers per month.

“The important factors in deciding on the location of this plant were mainly the preparedness of the industrial park in Ostrava-Hrabová and the proximity to the Technical University of Ostrava with which we intend to closely cooperate. We are interested in their graduates and would like to take part in creating specific study programs for their electrical engineering departments. We are already considering moving part of our technology-driven activities to the Czech Republic,” said George Wu, Associate Vice President of ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC.

The best quality and most beneficial industrial zones in the Czech Republic were handed awards by the Czech ministers. The fifth annual “Industrial Zone of the Year” awards were presented according to the recommendations of the Ministry of Industry & Trade and CzechInvest in cooperation with the Association for Foreign Investment (AFI) and partners in the “Partnership to Support Foreign Direct Investment in the Czech Republic”.

The award for Industrial Zone with the Most Economic Benefits was given to the “Cernovicka terasa” Industrial Zone in Brno, while the Zone with the Most Social Benefit in 2004 was the Ostrava Hrabova Industrial Zone – 1st Stage. The Industrial Zone with the Best Town Planning Solution is being prepared by a private developer in Ostrava -– CTPark Ostrava, and the “Brownfield of the Year” was won by the Skoda Plzen Industrial Zone.

American company CTS Corporation declared plans to invest nearly 22 million dollars into a new facility in the Ostrava region of the Czech Republic. CTS Corporation is a leading designer and producer of electronic components for the automotive and electronics industry. Their main customers are Siemens, Magneti Marelli, Pierburg, Toyota, Renault and Nissan.

The new facility is expected to employ over 160 people within three years. Production in the new plant is targeted for as early as June 2006.

“This investment in the Czech Republic will enable us to raise our production capacity and better serve the European market, which at present is supplied mainly from our plant in Great Britain,” commented Ron Bell, Director of CTS’s European Automotive Operations, and added: “In the Ostrava facility we will be producing electro – mechanical sub – systems and sensors for the auto industry.”

Ostrava Property Figures

Apartment and Flat Rentals in CZK per month (2005 1st Q):

(average range – exceptions can be found either way)

Size / CZK per month

1 + 1 (studio or bachelor) / 4 000 – 5 500

2 + 1 (1 bedroom) / 5 000 – 7 000

3 + 1 (2 bedroom) / 7 000 – 9 000

4 + 1 (3 bedroom) / 8 000 – 11 000

House Sales in thousands of CZK per flat (2005 1st Q):

(average range – exceptions can be found either way)

Size / New Build (ave. 17 000 CZK/m2) / Heritage Building

1 + 1 (studio or bachelor) / 650 – 950 / 350 – 700

2 + 1 (1 bedroom) / 800 – 1 200 / 500 – 800

3 + 1 (2 bedroom) / 1 300 – 2 500 / 700 – 1 200

4 + 1 (3 bedroom) / 1 800 – 3 000 / 1 200 – 2 100

Property Examples

(common closing prices are commonly 5 – 10% less than the asking price)

Property Description / Link

Studio (1 + 1) flat right in the center of Ostrava. 37 m2. Completely reconstructed. Floor 5 of 5 with an elevator. Asking price: 395 000 CZK / Ostrava Property Example 1

2 bedroom (3 + 1) completely reconstructed. Floor 1/3. 76 m2. The price includes a garage. Asking price: 1 260 000 CZK / Ostrava Property Example 2

More examples added regularly…

As we’ve emphasized before, at Czech Point 101 we are not going to over-inflate figures or try to sell you on hyped up facts. Our goal is to inform you to make the best investment decisions possible.

Recommended Reference Websites

Ostrava city website [http://www.ostrava-city.cz/sekce.php?id=2]

Ostrava Airport [http://www.airport-ostrava.cz/vystavba-noveho-terminalu.php]

Ostrava Hrabová Industrial Zone [http://www.mmo.cz/nabidka/epzony.html]

The sources for this newsletter include the Ostrava city and CzechInvest.

Nano Particle Tech Uses for Molybdenum

Finally, the financial markets have caught on as to how hot molybdenum stocks could get. While we began researching molybdenum about a year ago, and only first publishing in July 2006, molybdenum commentator Ken Reser has practically been the lone voice in the moly wilderness for investors. (We understand there have been several tout sheets hyping molybdenum stocks for nearly as long, but we can’t include those in serious discussions about this metal.)

Now that molybdenum traders have grown more bullish about the metal, we expect molybdenum pricing to continue higher. Ferro moly prices have continued firming up. Some quantity is now selling at US$76 per kg in Europe. One report indicates a recent moly oxide sale at $33/pound.

The emergence of the Sprott Molybdenum Participation Fund might only suggest the beginning of stronger institutional interest in primary molybdenum producers and on-the-horizon molybdenum producers – those whose projects could be online by 2010 or sooner.

In March 2005, Ken Reser penned a short editorial entitled, “Molybdenum: The 21st Century & Beyond Metal.”

Mainstream analysts had not really bothered to investigate the numerous uses for molybdenum prior to Ken Reser’s discussion. Since then, molybdenum stocks have had an incredible run. Mainstream media, such as Canada’s Globe & Mail, Dow Jones MarketWatch, The Australian and London’s Daily Telegraph – have featured molybdenum in their articles and named some of the favored companies.

Now that moly’s time has come, many have passed Ken Reser by, aside from our Australian colleagues, FNArena. This is often the fate of pioneers who pave the road and point the direction where investors should head. Pioneers are oft forgotten, although streets are later named after them.

That’s not going to be the case if we have any say in this. Ken Reser’s moly repertoire has been extensive. Editorials since his seminal article have discussed moly uses in oil and gas de-sulphurization, catalysts, coal liquefaction, energy pipelines, oil super tankers, drill stem tubing, super alloys, nuclear reactors and turbines among others.

What many thought was fiction Reser preached, more than two years ago, are ideas now at the forefront of mainstream discussions among highly respected analysts. The International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) should be thankful Ken Reser attracted such a high level of investor interest to the moly mining sector over the past two years.

Well, the pioneer is alive and well. Ken Reser has more insights into molybdenum’s future. And we invited Ken to publish them in his commentary below.

Ken Reser’s Commentary

Little attention has been given to a few other aspects of this metal of mystery, in a world growing and changing so rapidly. I have little doubt there are more than a few uses of moly. New discoveries are waiting in the wings.

One case in point is Nano-Particle technology involving molybdenum.

American Elements Corp; The US leading manufacturer of Rare Earth & Advanced Material products had this to say about Nano-Particle Molybdenum:

“Molybdenum Oxide (MoO) Nano-powder or Nano-particles, nano-dots or nano-crystals are ferric and ferrous spherical or faceted high surface area oxide magnetic nanostructure particles. Nano-scale Molybdenum Oxide Particles are typically 20-80 nanometers (nm) with specific surface area (SSA) in the 10 – 50 m 2 /g range and also available in with an average particle size of 100 nm range with a specific surface area of approximately 7- 10 m 2 /g.

“Nano Molybdenum Oxide Particles are also available in ultra high purity, and high purity, transparent, and coated and dispersed forms. . Applications for Molybdenum Oxide Nano-crystals include in electrochemical capacitors, and in coatings, plastics, nano-wire, nano-fiber and textiles and in certain alloy and catalyst applications. Further research is being done for their potential electrical, dielectric, magnetic, optical, imaging, bio-medical and bioscience properties.”

Applications for molybdenum nano-crystals include as a high surface area catalyst and catalyst support and as the catalysts in the synthesis of vertically aligned carbon nano-tubes and in coatings, plastics, nano-wire, nano-fiber and textiles and in certain alloy and catalyst applications.

Super Alloys Created by use of Nano-Particle Reactants

(Courtesy of Materials Research Society: Lab Data)

“Advancements in nano-technology for material processing have spurred the development of super alloys that provide improved protection against corrosion and wear. Nano-scale reactant particles offer unique thermal properties and increased homogeneity that may improve the micro-structural features and macroscopic properties of the final product.

“In this study up to 10-wt % nano-scale molybdenum tri-oxide (MoO3) particles were added to micron scale nickel (Ni) and aluminum (Al). Results show that adding MoO3 increases the flame temperature and produces greater ignition sensitivity produces a more homogeneous microstructure and increases the overall wear resistance of the product.”

Some other uses of nano-particle molybdenum include integrated in paraffin, lubricants, ceramics, nuclear reactor fuel (low enriched uranium), propylene production, high temperature grease, optical fibers, plasma televisions, fuel cells, and much more.

Hollow sphere nano-moly particles now developed show greatly increased effectiveness in the bonding ability of de-sulphurization catalysts. Solar cells are now built on a backing of molybdenum foil. Nano-particle pigment coatings, glass works, dietary and medical products, including artificial limbs.

Weldability of nickel-based superalloys can be approved with ‘weld filler. The invention relates to weld filler which includes these constituents (in wt %): 17.5%-20.0% chromium (Cr), 10.0%-12.0% cobalt (Co), 9.0%-10.5% Molybdenum (Mo) and 0.1%-3.3% titanium.

Hydro De-Sulphurization Catalysts

The unique HDS (Hydro De-Sulphurization) Catalyst aspect of this approach is to use nano-sized MoS2 particles for two reasons:

1. Nano-sizing increases surface area and therefore the number of “active-edge sites” per unit catalyst volume

2. Amorphous nano-particles may overcome steric resistance in sulfur-containing large aromatic molecules making the sulfur susceptible to catalytic attack during HDS.

This approach has three aspects:

o Characterization of sterically hindered organic sulfur compounds that are typically present in crudes but resistant to conventional HDS catalysts,

o Reaction behavior of these sterically hindered sulfur compounds with nano-sized MoS

o Formulation and evaluation of supported nano MoS2-based system for ultra deep catalytic HDS of heavy oils and distillates.

Worldwide, many millions of pounds of molybdenum are annually used in refineries. New refineries are now under construction in Asia, and on the drawing board in various other parts of the world.

Fuel Cells and Batteries

By alloying molybdenum with platinum, and carefully controlling the particle size and loading level of the alloy particles, engineers from the E-Tek Division of De Nora, N.A. have developed Pt-based anode catalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells that show excellent resistance to carbon monoxide poisoning.

APS Physics (March 2007) comments on Nano-Structured Molybdenum Oxides for Lithium-Ion Batteries:

“Lithium-ion batteries are the current power sources of choice for portable electronics. Although such batteries are commercially successful, they are not keeping pace with the rapid advances in computing technologies. Also, further improvement of performance and simultaneous reduction in cost as well as material toxicity remain the subject of intensive research.

“Here we report the synthesis and electrochemical performance of a novel molybdenum oxide nano-particle anode that dramatically improves current Li-ion battery technologies. Crystalline MoO nano-particles have been grown by an economical hot-wire chemical-vapor-deposition (HWCVD) technique and a recently developed electrophoresis technique is employed for the fabrication of porous nano-particle anodes. Both cycling stability and rate capability issues are addressed by employing these porous molybdenum oxide films that consist of nano-scale active particles.

“These materials will impact the next generations of rechargeable lithium batteries, not only for applications in consumer electronics, but also for clean energy storage and use in hybrid electric vehicles.”

More Nano-Particle Uses

Other new uses include development of new molybdenum- (Nano-Particle) strengthened martensitic steels and other Super Alloys. It is also possible to fabricate large-area porous films of molybdenum oxide nano-particles using a novel electrophoresis deposition technique.

Nano-particle films have led to profound advancement in state-of-the-art electrochromic technologies. MoO films are promising for new lithium ion batteries. There are many newly discovered uses as well for nano particle molybdenum in ION space thrusters, space lubricants, space craft metals and even in space telescopes searching the heavens.

Although molybdenum-based catalysts have already been developed for use in the crude oil refinery process and coal liquefaction, the greatest leaps forward could come from the development of nano particle moly-based Catalysts.

Drilling every deep-depth oil well uses as much as 15% Molybdenum for every pound of drill stem steel. Considering the massive number of pounds (tons actually) of drill stem tubing annually used around the globe, I’m sure we would be amazed when extrapolating the actual amount of molybdenum used in just that one sector.

If you also consider that just one kilometer of typical crude oil pipeline uses approximately 2000 pounds of molybdenum in the steel, and there are globally between 80,000 and 100,000 miles of proposed pipeline projects, one can easily visualize the exponential growth pattern of moly demand in years ahead.

As I have stated in past, now you can see why the world is viewing molybdenum in a different light. It isn’t just the demand from China, India or other rapidly developing nations driving the demand, the price and the different uses.

Molybdenum is truly a metal for and of the twenty-first century. It will play an ever increasingly important part of future base metals demand. And this could very well prove a boon to primary molybdenum mining stocks. Many have strongly rallied in the past year as molybdenum prices went north, instead of south as many ‘experts’ forecast.

Primary molybdenum producer Thomson Creek, imminent producer Roca Mines, and near-term producers such as Adanac Molybdenum Corp, Idaho General and Australian-based Moly Mines appear to be the investor favorites for 2007.